- ベーシックインカム 各国の導入
The long-awaited summer vacation has arrived after the tests were finally finished last week.
The summer vacation will be just as hard work as if I had classes, but I will do my best not to lose to the heat.
Today, I would like to discuss the pros and cons of "basic income.
This topic will have a great deal to do with the seminar activities that will begin in the fall semester.
It is an important issue to think about because of the Corona Disaster, and I think it will be easier to understand if you think about it in conjunction with the article on consumption tax that I mentioned the other day.
What is basic income?
(1) Periodic cash benefits
The unit of payment is a regular and stable dividend, often monthly. It is also not a coupon or gift certificate, but only cash.
2. on an individual basis
It is not "per household" as in the welfare system. 3. unconditional
There is no need for "asset checks" or conditions such as being able to work, as there are in the welfare system. In the welfare system, the government makes selective decisions on whether or not a person is eligible for welfare benefits, but in the basic income system, this is not the case at all.
The basic income system is a universal system that can be used "anywhere, anyone, and at any time." The image of this system is that the government periodically distributes money.
The purpose of this system is to "improve consumption" and "stabilize income.
"This is a dream come true! Do you think, "This is a dream policy!
Or do you wonder, "Is it really safe?" or "Is it really safe?
Basic Income: Introduction in Each Country
Basic income has not been introduced on a national level, but it has been experimented with on a small scale, such as at the administrative level.
The following are examples.
(1) Alaska Permanent Fund (U.S.)
The State of Alaska in the United States has already implemented the "Alaska Permanent Fund. Under this program, about 25% of the oil revenue from Alaska's state-owned land is set aside as an endowment, from which individual Alaskans receive an annual dividend of about $1,000 to $1,500.
Although the amount of dividend is small compared to a full-fledged basic income, the idea of distributing the profits from underground resources, which are the common property of the state's residents, to everyone is a valuable precedent that faithfully realizes the basic idea of basic income.
(2) Experimental projects (e.g., Republic of Namibia and Finland)
In the past few years, the number of experimental projects (including political plans) for basic income has been increasing.
In 2008-2009, a project was conducted in a village in the Republic of Namibia, where churches and NGOs took the lead in providing 100 Namibian dollars per person per month. In Finland, the Social Insurance Agency provided unemployment benefits of 560 euros per person per month for two years.
There are many more examples of this experimental project, including those that were still in the planning stages.
For example, there is an experimental project in Utrecht, a provincial city in the Netherlands, an experimental project in Ontario, Canada, and a social experiment by Y Combinator, a venture company in Silicon Valley, USA. In Stockton, California, also in the U.S., the first U.S. basic income experiment was launched in February 2019 for 125 citizens, providing them with $500 per month for 24 months.
Another political plan would be Switzerland in 2016. Switzerland allows its citizens to propose amendments to its constitution, and one of the proposals was to provide a basic income of 2,500 Swiss francs per person per month (equivalent to about 300,000 Japanese yen). Unfortunately, the proposal was rejected, but it became a major topic of conversation worldwide.
It is obvious that even if we simply think about it and distribute 50,000 yen per person, it would require a huge amount of financial resources.
However, if this is the only concern, why not just raise taxes? If that is the only concern, however, why not just raise taxes?
In my next article, I will compare the advantages and disadvantages and consider why we cannot go ahead with the introduction of a basic income system.